Installation and configuration of SSL certificate process of nginx server (implementation of HTTPS installation)

Alexers. 2020-11-09 15:18:06
installation configuration ssl certificate process

At present, most of our websites have changed from just HTTP, It has been changed to HTTPS, Of course, there are some websites that have not been changed . In fact, in Chinese websites, Lao Zuo thinks that ordinary personal websites use HTTP There's no problem , And sometimes the collection and speed is relatively fast . But if we're a business website or a corporate website , You must give it to the client , That's what makes it trendy and professional , Even if we know it doesn't work to install it or not .

For example, there was an enterprise website that Laozuo didn't install for customers , The customer opens the computer in the company , Actually called to tell me that the browser prompted unsafe websites , So I got angry . I'll pay for the installation HTTPS encryption . You like it , It's all right . In this article , Lao Zuo's simple record Nginx Server environment installation SSL certificate , And realize HTTPS Encrypted access to the website .

First of all 、 Apply for a certificate

The application for a certificate is simple . We have some one key package environments or WEB The panel supports free certificate application . Or our common domain name registrars and hosts are free DV Domain name certificate application . If we're a corporate website , I'm not going to give them free , This is the charge later , Back to be known with free , That would be embarrassing .

If we were a personal website , You can use it for free . Or it's OK to buy a certificate , Basically, the cost of a year is the cost of a domain name .

second 、 Certificate of merger

If we buy a certificate or a free certificate , It depends on what it looks like . We need to merge into crt In file , One is key file . And then prepare these two documents .

And then drop the file to a directory you know , Usually I put it in "/usr/local/nginx/conf/ssl" Catalog .

Third 、 Configure certificate file

listen 443 ssl http2;
ssl_certificate /home/ssl/;
ssl_certificate_key /home/ssl/;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
ssl_session_timeout 10m;
ssl_session_cache builtin:1000 shared:SSL:10m;
ssl_buffer_size 1400;
add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=15768000;
ssl_stapling on;
ssl_stapling_verify on;

Corresponding to the site conf Add the above file to the file . It also needs to be based on the actual situation . If we have WEB When the environment supports configuration, the one generated automatically is better , If not, we need to receive the addition .

After adding, we need to debug

nginx -t

Check for errors , No error, restart it nginx Basically no problem .

That's what we're doing Nginx Server configuration installation site SSL The process of certification , Realize our site HTTPS. Of course, in the end, we need to set up the site HTTPS Address , Replace the theme and page with , After that, only the green lock . Generally, it's easier to add it from the beginning , Follow up supplement SSL Just a little more trouble .

From the original : Reprint note .


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