Nginx Linux and windows installation tutorial

Nothingness 2020-11-12 22:49:53
nginx linux windows installation tutorial


Preface

This article mainly introduces Nginx Linux The environment and Windows Installation tutorial for .

Nginx Introduce

Nginx(“engine x”) It's a Russian programmer Igor Sysoev Developed high performance Web and Reverse proxy The server , Also a IMAP/POP3/SMTP proxy server .

HTTP Basic function :

  • Working with static files , Index files and auto index ;
  • Reverse agent acceleration ( No cache ), Simple load balancing and fault tolerance ;
  • FastCGI, Simple load balancing and fault tolerance ;
  • Modular structure . The filter includes gzipping, byte ranges, chunked responses, as well as SSI-filter . stay SSI In the filter , To the same proxy perhaps FastCGI Multiple sub requests are processed concurrently ;
  • SSL and TLS SNI Support ;

IMAP/POP3 Proxy service function :

  • External use HTTP The authentication server redirects the user to IMAP/POP3 Back end ;
  • External use HTTP After the authentication server authenticates the user, the connection is redirected to the internal SMTP Back end ;
  • Certification method :
  • POP3: POP3 USER/PASS, APOP, AUTH LOGIN PLAIN CRAM-MD5;
  • IMAP: IMAP LOGIN;
  • SMTP: AUTH LOGIN PLAIN CRAM-MD5;
  • SSL Support ;
  • stay IMAP and POP3 Mode of STARTTLS and STLS Support ;

More theoretical knowledge is not introduced here , You can check the official documents in detail , Address :http://nginx.org/en/

 Insert picture description here
The picture above is about Nginx Diagram of reverse proxy and load balancing implementation , The so-called reverse proxy is to distribute the client's requests to the back-end server through certain rules , Load balancing is to distribute requests to different servers according to the policy .Nginx The default is weight( The weight ) polling ( Default ), Distribute the received requests to different back-end servers according to the weight , The greater the weight , The more requests the server allocates , The more requests there are , In the process of running, if a server suddenly goes down ,Nginx The server will be automatically removed after detection , Guarantee that the request will not be affected , Personal testing is a little bit stuck when it comes to accessing a down server , Just follow up .
Here is the difference between forward proxy and reverse proxy , One sentence summary :
Forward proxy is mainly used to send requests to clients .
The reverse agent mainly receives requests for the server .

Nginx Linux install

nginx Depend on pcre、Openssl and zlib,PCRE The function is to make Nginx Support Rewrite function .

  • PCRE Download address : https://sourceforge.net/projects/pcre/files/
  • Zlib Download address : http://zlib.net/
  • Openssl Download address : http://www.openssl.org/source
  • Nginx Download address : http://nginx.org/download

PCRE install

1、 Document preparation

Pass the downloaded file through ftp Upload files to /opt/nginx Under the table of contents , New if not .
Then decompress , Extract command example :

tar zxvf pcre-8.35.tar.gz

2、 install

Then decompress the directory , Build and install , Input :

 cd pcre-8.35
./configure
make
make install

Check the version information after installation , Input :

pcre-config --version

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Zlib install

Basically the same as above .

1、 Document preparation

Pass the downloaded file through ftp Upload files to /opt/nginx Under the table of contents , Then decompress , Extract command example :

tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz

2、 install

Then decompress the directory , Build and install , Input :

 cd zlib-1.2.11
./configure
make
make install

Openssl install

Basically the same as above .

1、 Document preparation

Pass the downloaded file through ftp Upload files to /opt/nginx Under the table of contents , Then decompress , Extract command example :

tar -zxvf openssl-1.0.2q.tar.gz

2、 install

Then decompress the directory , Build and install , Input :

 cd openssl-1.0.2q
./config
make
make install

Nginx install

This is basically the same .

1、 Document preparation

Pass the downloaded file through ftp Upload files to /opt/nginx Under the table of contents , Then decompress , Extract command example :

tar zxvf nginx-1.6.2.tar.gz

2、 install

Then decompress the directory , Build and install , Input :

 cd nginx-1.6.2
./config
make
make install

Check the version information after installation , Input :

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -v

If it appears :Nginx: error while loading shared libraries: libpcre.so.1

No installation pcre Or the soft chain is installed , Install or set the soft chain of the device , Order sample :

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libpcre.so.1 /lib64/

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3、Nginx command

test nginx.conf Is the configuration of the correct command :

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

according to nginx.conf In the configuration of the , start-up nginx The service command :

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

Profile hot load command :

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

The shutdown command :

kill -QUIT `cat /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid`

Or find nginx The process of , then kill Kill , Include nginx Daemons of .

ps -ef | grep nginx
kill -9 pid

Restart command :

kill -HUP `cat /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid`

Nginx After the successful launch, input directly in the browser linux Of ip Then you can directly access , The default port is 80, No input port !

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Nginx Windows install

Windows Nginx The installation does not require the above dependencies , Download and decompress directly to run .

Windows Nginx Download address : https://nginx.org/en/download.html?_ga=2.72556755.1143934847.1574131849-1552750179.1574131849

Download Interface :
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download Nginx Then decompress , double-click nginx.exe Run or in the same level directory cmd Input start nginx start-up .

Input :nginx -s stop or nginx -s quit Can stop nginx, The difference is that the latter will hold relevant information , The former will not .
The hot load command is still nginx -s reload.

Nginx After the successful launch, input directly in the browser localhost or 127.0.0.1 Then you can directly access !

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other

Reference resources Nginx Official website : http://nginx.org/en/

Music to recommend

Originality is not easy. , If it feels good , Hope to like or recommend ! Your support is my biggest motivation for writing !
Copyright notice :
author : Nothing in
Source of blog garden :http://www.cnblogs.com/xuwujing
CSDN Source :http://blog.csdn.net/qazwsxpcm
Gold diggers :https://juejin.im/user/5ae45d5bf265da0b8a6761e4
Personal blog source :http://www.panchengming.com

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