Two common installation methods of nginx

Bobo roast duck 2020-11-13 05:00:16
common installation methods nginx


I've been sorting out Nginx Related content , So I plan to record it and share it with you , Interested partners can have a look . First of all we have Linux The above will be Nginx The installation is successful , There are many ways to install , We will introduce two kinds of , One is the installation of official guidelines , One is to install a specific version

The first way to install

Official guidelines on how to install

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Be careful :
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installation is complete :
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start-up : Direct input nginx that will do

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Browser access test : Default port 80

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So the installation is successful , that nginx Where are the installation files ? such as nginx.conf Where are the configuration files and the startup files for ?

file Catalog
nginx.conf The configuration file ( The installation directory ) /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
Nginx The startup script /etc/sysconfig/nginx
Nginx log Catalog /var/log/nginx
Nginx pid file /var/run/nginx.pid

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The second way of installation

What is described above is through yum Source to install , It's also an official recommendation , Simple installation , But the choice of the installed version is not flexible enough , In practice, we may need to install a specific version of Nginx, Now let's talk about this method :
Install the software : You can download it directly , Or by wget To download

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz

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Unzip the file :

tar -zxvf nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz

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Enter the unzipped folder

./configure --prefix=path

If not —prefix Words , It will be installed to by default /usr/local/nginx Under the table of contents
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Operation can encounter error , If you want to use Nginx Common functions of , First of all, make sure that the following software is installed on the operating system
GCC A compiler can be used to compile C Voice program , because Nginx yes C Voice development , So we need to install GCC Support for
PCRE library : It's a library of functions , It's currently used by a lot of software , The library supports regular expressions , If we're in the configuration file nginx.conf Regular expressions are used in ,
So compiling Nginx You have to put PCRE Library compiles into Nginx, because Nginx Of HTTP Modules rely on it to parse regular expressions
pcre-devel It's using PCRE Development library needed for secondary development , Including header files, etc , This is also compilation Nginx Must be used !
zlib The library is used for HTTP The content of the package gzip Compression of format , If we were nginx.conf It's equipped in gzip on,
And specify for certain types (content-type) Of HTTP Response use gzip To reduce network traffic , that , At compile time, the zlib Compile into Nginx.
Empathy ,zlib It's a direct use library ,zlib-devel It is the library needed by secondary development .

yum install -y gcc-c++ pcre pcre-devel zlib zlib-devel

./configure After success

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We need to implement

make && make install

/configure Configuration environment
make It means to compile . Is to compile the source code package into a binary executable file
make install Installation means installation .
make && make install It means to execute make If there is no error, execute make install

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Indicates successful installation
Default mode Nginx Will be installed in /usr/local/nginx Under the table of contents

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pid The file defaults to logs Under the table of contents :
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If it starts, it starts directly sbin In the catalog nginx that will do
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~ Okay Nginx We will introduce the two installation methods to you

版权声明
本文为[Bobo roast duck]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢

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