SSL certificate configuration of nginx domain name (upgrade website HTTP to HTTPS)

zyqok 2020-11-13 10:17:29
ssl certificate configuration nginx domain



In our daily life , Common web sites are roughly divided into 2 Kind of :

One is based on http agreement , Such as :

One is based on https agreement , Such as :

Now many websites are for security reasons , Will access the domain name of the website from http Has been upgraded to https, If you don't know http and https The concept of , Take a look at the following article :HTTP and HTTPS What's the difference

SSL certificate

So how do we http Upgrade to https Well ?

We're going to upgrade http by https, First you need a SSL certificate . SSL You can think of it as an undergraduate diploma , I have this undergraduate diploma , It will prove that you are an undergraduate , Can go to apply for undergraduate recruitment threshold . Of course , Certificates can be issued by different institutions , For example, Tsinghua University undergraduate diploma and ordinary three colleges undergraduate diploma , The gold content of the two must be different .SSL The same goes for certificates , There are also different issuing agencies .

Configuration mode

When you have domain names and SSL After certificate , We can upgrade the domain address to https 了 , We usually do it in Nginx Configure domain name in SSL certificate .

The specific process

Start visiting

(1) Now I use my own website , My personal site configuration SSL certificate , Upgrade my website to SSL.

I visit a picture on my website ( ), This is a http visit .
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(2) Then we changed it to https visit , Discovery is not accessible .
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Let's start , Change the website to https Request access to .

Server installation Nginx

First , We need to install it on the server Nginx Environmental Science , If your server already has Nginx 了 , So this step can be skipped , If not installed Nginx, You may refer to it

obtain SSL certificate

Because my server was purchased by alicloud , So Ali will give some free SSL certificate , Here's how to get it from alicloud SSL The certificate process is described .
If you are not an alicloud customer , So this step can be skipped , And then self Baidu “SSL certificate ” Buy from related manufacturers , Or Baidu “ free SSL certificate ” .

(1) Log in to alicloud , And then find 【SSL certificate 】 One column , Click on ( Because I've already turned it on , So your position may be different from mine , Go to the panel and look for ).
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(2) Come to this panel , Click on 【 Purchase certificate 】.
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(3) Choose free , Then buy
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(4) When you've finished your purchase , A corresponding record will appear on the page , And then click 【 The certificate application 】.
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(5) Then write the domain name you need to upgrade , For example, I want to put my personal website Upgrade to
Then fill in the domain name at this time, Then fill in the other information , Click next , Then the certificate will be submitted to it , Enter audit status .
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(6) When your application is approved , You can download your SSL Certificate , Let's click in the lower right corner 【 download 】
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(7) Continue to choose Nginx hinder 【 download 】
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(8) When the download is complete , We can get one SSL Certificate compression package
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Upload SSL Certificate to server

(1) Let's decompress the certificate package first , Then you can get the following two files .
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(2) We will pass these two documents through FTP Tools , Upload to server , And put it on Nginx The configuration file is located in the same level directory .
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Modify the configuration and restart

(1) Open your Nginx.conf The configuration file , Then put your 443 and 80 Port of server Information configuration is as follows :
For more detailed steps, you can view alicloud's documents :Nginx/Tengine Server installation SSL certificate

# Direct access https 

charset utf8;
listen 443;
root /opt/local;
ssl on;
ssl_session_timeout 5m;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
# http Jump https

listen 80;
rewrite ^/(.*) permanent;

(2) Notice that the contents of the blue box are your domain name and SSL Certificate related documents .
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(3) Then restart your Nginx service

Get into nginx Of sbin Under the table of contents , Enter the following command , restart nginx service

./nginx -s reload

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(4) If it's an alicloud server , Don't forget to open 80 Port and 443 port , Otherwise I can't visit

You can refer to this article if you will not configure it : Alicloud security rule configuration

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(1) direct https Visit (443 port ), As you can see, yes OK Of
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(2) then http visit (80 port ), He will automatically jump to https, It's also OK Of .
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thus , You have learned SSL Certificate configuration ! Thank you for reading !


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