While watching the ball , We need more than beer and barbecue , And real time analysis from AI .
About German football , People's impressions can be quick *** rhythm 、 Leading coach development system , And all kinds of scientific training and fitness programs . The Bundesliga team has given us a high level of play , The last Champions League 、 The World Club Cup was also won by Bayern Munich .
2019 Years and 2020 Gretzka, Bayern Munich player in , Look at his muscle growth rate , The team of these players is terrible .
recently , Fans who watch the Bundesliga may notice that Amazon provides AWS Game data analysis . use AI The technique of analyzing the situation on the field , It has been widely used in the top football league , Black tech data analysis that only coaches could see before , Now even the fans can get , The results are still generated in real time .
This technology is provided by Amazon through machine learning and cloud services . lately , Former Bundesliga players 、 Simon, the sports director of Leverkusen · Rolfs （Simon Rolfes） Shared with us how to use AI to analyze the Bundesliga players , And new discoveries from fans and coaches .
If anyone can comment on the impact of advanced technology on top football leagues , Simon · Rolfs is an ideal man ： He spent most of his career at Bayer Leverkusen in the Bundesliga , Played for the German national team 23 Time , I've been with the team 2008 He won the second place with the team in the European Championships in .
Now? , Rolfs is not only the sports director of Leverkusen , Also in the Bundesliga official website all the year round bundesliga.com Up for 「Bundesliga Stats Prefecture 」 Write a weekly column , Analyze League trends and provide insights into Bundesliga games .
Former Bayer Leverkusen defensive midfield Simon · Rolfs .
In previous games , The application of new technology is often discovered by people , In the hands of the assistant coach iPad Players can be prompted the opponent formation and player data , The data uploaded from players' vests during training can provide reference for coaches' decision-making , And the technology Amazon now offers , A step further .
Football practitioners are excited by the emergence of new tools , stay 20-21 The Bundesliga of the season , We don't just have more camera slots .「 With the data analysis provided by AI , We can make the fans more involved in the game they are watching . Detailed real-time data can bring us a more three-dimensional look , It can keep you from the game ,」 Rolfs said .
AI It brings all sorts of interesting contrasts , And unexpected conclusions , For example, who is more valuable, upamecano or Harland , Among the teams with the highest attack efficiency are Berlin united and so on ……
One of the most fascinating discoveries , Maybe it's the analysis of players' speed . as everyone knows , The world's martial arts are only fast ： In football , Fast players have an advantage that no one else can match , So the teams 「 Come on 」 And they are often praised by the fans . However, the speed on the training ground is not equal to the speed with the ball in the actual game , stay AWS Technology analysis , We see some cognitive subversive facts .
Like Lucas · Klosterman, who is 1.87 meters tall, is occupying the top ten position in the speed chart for a long time , look , It belongs to humales and Lars · Bender's era of playing with a sense of place is going away .
AWS One of the analytical techniques provided ： The Bundesliga players' speedometer . The picture shows Dortmund's talented forward Harland —— Every hour 35.16 km , He's not the fastest, of course . The fastest player in the Bundesliga is Bayern left back Alfonso · Davis .
「 In the last ten years , Because of training and physical improvement , The speed of football players is improving very fast , And then there's a change in popular tactics .AWS The speed attribute analysis provided subverts people's perception , Let everyone , In particular, the coaching staff have a lot of new conclusions about the players ,」 Rolfs says .「 Only the Bundesliga games in the world have real-time Speed Alert technology , Only we can gain this advantage .」
Actually, the speed is just AI One of the indicators of the analysis , According to introducing ,AWS stay 2020/2021 The new release of the season is called 「 The Bundesliga 」 There are three main types of data , One is the analysis of the heat of the attack area , Detailed record of the two teams in the game in the left, middle and right into the force ; The second is the pressure on individual players , And the ball speed and other basic attributes ; The third is formation position , It should be noted that , The position of players on the field changes dynamically with time during the game , The substitute players will break the balance .
This data can then generate more abstract analysis , such as xGoals The number , It can tell you which area of the field players have a higher probability of scoring , Where in the penalty area can penalty shots be made more efficiently . Since last season , Allied “ The Bundesliga ” Data analysis has become part of the Bundesliga .xGoals（xG） The number represents the number of times the team creates opportunities , If a team scores more than xG A lot more , On behalf of its goal efficiency is very high .
If it's a penalty kick , The probability of scoring is about 77%.
In the Bundesliga , Bayern Munich 、 Leverkusen and Berlin United have the highest efficiency .
Behind these technologies , It's Amazon's cloud services and algorithms . Bundesliga AI Project from AWS A lot of support from different teams , Including the AI lab 、 A team of scientists and product managers . In the course of the League , They need people to help with the analysis of the game , But football is not the only one ,AWS Researchers in the U.S. are working on a lot of sports and event analysis .
If it's fun for fans to see data analysis , So players and coaches are getting AI After the report is provided, you can do your best . Rolfs said that only in Leverkusen ,Speed Alert It's already helping the team improve their performance .
Imagine , Pass before the game AI Data analysis, strategy development , Put in the right players , Use highly customized tactics to win the game —— It sounds like 《Money Ball》 An advanced version of , And in Europe's top clubs , These are the daily work of analysts .
「 As a player , You can also get a lot of interesting content from Game Analysis , To help prepare for the game . The facts in the game can also help the coach adjust the formation ,」 Rolfs said .「 I haven't come across such detailed statistics in my career , Now see AWS Technology , I feel a little envious .」
During the outbreak , People can't watch the game live , Real time game data from AI and cloud services , It provides a lot of new points for fans to watch football at home . But since it's the Bundesliga , Then the experience of watching the ball on the spot must be irreplaceable .「（AI Analyze the data ） Real time access on any device , If you come to the scene , The atmosphere must be better ,」 Rolfs says .
So can AI develop tactics ？ In the eyes of the Bundesliga coaches , Analyze the opponent's tactics and rules 、 Predict the form of the game 、 Changing the formation and other directions can be expected , I don't know what the Bundesliga will be like next season .
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