According to the ZDNet reports , In recent days, , Two Russian developers were suddenly arrested , One of them is the web server which is popular all over the world  Nginx The father of  Igor Sysoev. The reason given by the police is that they Suspected of project infringement . This project refers to Nginx, yes Igor Sysoev 15 When I worked in my old company years ago, I used In my spare time Developed .

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Igor Sysoev 15 I worked for a Russian company five years ago  Rambler( One of Russia's largest search engines and Internet portals 「rambler.ru」 Parent company ), in the meantime Use your spare time Developed a web server  Nginx. at present ,Nginx It has become a popular server all over the world ,BAT、Facebook  As an enterprise IT Part of the architecture .Igor Sysoev Also in the 2011 Using this project, we founded  NGINX company . But years later , His old boss Rambler claim :Nginx yes Sysoev stay Rambler Developed during the company's tenure , Ownership should also belong to the company .


Nginx My father was suddenly arrested


According to the ZDnet reports ,12 month 12 Japan , Russian police searched the commercial server company Nginx, And took the two co founders on the spot .


The first to break the news was Nginx An employee of , He tweeted that : The two founders of the company Konovalov and Sysoev Taken away . At the same time, he said , The situation is under review , Other people are not being detained at the moment .

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Picture source : Twitter users @Anton Nesterov

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Picture source :ZDnet


Nginx It's a lightweight model Web The server / Reverse proxy server and e-mail proxy server , stay BSD-like Issue under agreement , with 「 Low memory footprint 」 and 「 Concurrent   better 」 Characteristics , The first public version 0.1.0 Published on 2004 year 10 month 4 Japan . Many domestic enterprises will nginx Website , Including Baidu 、 JD.COM 、 Sina 、 NetEase 、 tencent 、 Taobao and so on Top Level company .


2019 year 2 month ,NGINX To replace Apache HTTPD, Become the most widely deployed server on the Internet . According to the Netcraft stay 2019 year 12 Of the month Web Server surveys show that ,NGINX The market share of is as high as 38%.


Nginx The search is suspected to be the same as before Rambler The group's prosecution is related to .Rambler The group is one of Russia's largest search engines and Internet portals 「rambler.ru」 Parent company . Last week, ,Rambler The group has been interested in NGINX The company sued for copyright infringement , Claim to have NGINX Full ownership of the code . The reason is that Igor Sysoev stay Rambler When the group worked as a system administrator, it developed Nginx, therefore Rambler The group is Nginx Legal owner of all code .


The day the two co founders were taken away ,Nginx The employees' @igorippolitov Pictures of search warrants were posted on twitter , Then he was asked to delete , But the original tweet has been captured by netizens , Arouse concern .


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Tweet content :「 Seems to be Rambler Fill out this about Nginx and Sysoev Copyright notice of ,NGINX Was raided by the police ( unconfirmed ).NGINX staff @igorippolitov It's the original publisher , But he was asked to delete the post .


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Rambler Copyright notice of the group .


later ,Rambler The group also made an official reply in Russian to the media :

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Picture source : Russian media The Bell


In this reply ,Rambler The group explained two issues , One is 「 Is the search the same as before Rambler The group's statement is about ?」, Two is 「 The statement violated Rambler What exactly does group power mean ?」


Rambler The group said , since 2000 Since the start of the year ,Igor Sysoev The completed development work belongs to its and Rambler Within the framework of labor relations in China , Therefore, without Rambler The group agrees that , Any use of this procedure by other parties violates the exclusive right .


According to the approach NGINX People in the media know , The two co founders, after being asked Has been released , However, their personal mobile phones have been confiscated .
 picture Picture source : Russian media The Bell


at present ,NGINX The company hasn't officially responded to this .


Igor Sysoev:Nginx To hold a post Rambler During the development of , But I use my spare time


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Igor Sysoev The self introduction on LinkedIn is 「Nginx The author of 」. He graduated from Moscow State Bauman Technical University (Bauman Moscow State Technical University),2000 year -2011 He worked in Russia in Rambler company , As the system administrator of the company , The length of service is close to 11 year .


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Sysoev Never denied Nginx He was in his former employer Rambler Developed during my tenure . But in 2012 In an interview last year , He said he developed Nginx It's in my spare time , first Rambler I don't even know .


He said , The server was not originally deployed in Rambler The company's , It's deployed in Rate.ee and zvuki.ru On the website . After a curious colleague asked ,Rambler Just started to use Nginx.


Leaving Rambler after ,Igor Sysoev Founded in the United States NGINX company , by Nginx The deployment system provides supporting tools and support services . The company is headquartered in San Francisco , But all over the world ( Including Moscow ) There is an office .


2019 year ,NGINX By F5 Framework Company purchase , Continue to operate as a subsidiary of the latter .


Do things developed in spare time also belong to the company ?


stay Igor Sysoev After being arrested , Zhihushang also initiated relevant discussions —— What developers develop in their spare time belongs to themselves or the company ?


It can be seen from the answer area that , Different companies have different attitudes towards this issue . Some companies in order to avoid disputes or damage the interests of the company , It will be directly stated in the labor contract that the things created by individuals in their spare time also belong to the company . But there are also companies that are more relaxed , As long as the software belonging to the company is not used in the development process copy And hardware settings , The development results belong to the individual employees .


But from a company perspective , Is it really a way of maximizing benefits to fight for intellectual property rights with employees who have left their jobs ? Is there any other choice ?


 Google Wu Jun, a former senior researcher, is in 《 At the top of the wave 》 Cisco's approach to this issue has been mentioned in .


After going public , Cisco's founding employees are facing a decline in motivation 、 The problem of inefficiency , But they still have a lot of entrepreneurial qualities , Like creativity 、 diligence 、 Enthusiasm, etc .


In order to make the best use of this part of the staff , Chambers, Cisco's manager, began to encourage capable employees to start their own businesses . On the surface, it doesn't seem to be good for the company , It can also lead to the loss of excellent employees . But chambers's approach is , Invest in companies founded by your own employees , If these companies succeed , Cisco has a preemptive right .


This innovative management model has played an important role in the success of Cisco .


Of course , It's not necessarily for every company , Not all of them can make a successful enterprise . But this example shows , Is treating 「 Knowledge products created by employees in their spare time 」 aspect , We may have other options .


Reference link :https://www.zdnet.com/article/russian-police-raid-nginx-moscow-office/http://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1652792311899717676&wfr=spider&for=pchttps://www.zhihu.com/question/360737017/answer/934801767?utm_source=wechat_session&utm_medium=social&utm_oi=56560353017856