Introduction and structure of HTML

Chai Xiao~ 2021-06-19 07:10:36
introduction structure html

When you're browsing the web , Have you ever thought about such a problem : How to make a web page ? Making a web page is very simple , Just know what it is HTML And master HTML You can make a simple web page with the basic knowledge of , Today I'm going to talk about HTML The introduction and structure of .

One 、 What is? HTML?

1、 Before we start to learn HTML Before we need to know what is HTML?

HTML The full name is Hyper Text Markup Language, The Chinese name is hypertext markup language , The reading mode is web browser , meanwhile HTML Also known as web pages .

2、 A simple HTML file

HTML The introduction and structure of

Two 、HTML Editor

We can use TXT Text documents or professional HTML Editor to edit HTML.

1、 Notepad

① Create a TXT Text

② Input HTML Code

HTML The introduction and structure of

③ Click on the file — Save as — Enter a name +“html” You can get your first HTML file .

④ Then double-click the file to run .

HTML The introduction and structure of

Running results

2、 Professional editor

① Sublime Text

② HBuilder

③ Adobe Dreamweaver

④ CoffeeCup HTML Editor

I recommend HBuilder This editor , Simple interface , Editing is quick .

3、 ... and 、HTML Component part

In the case above, we can see that HTML It's from the head (head) And the body (body) Made up of .

1、 Head (head)

Usually contains a title (title), It's the name of a web page

HTML The introduction and structure of

Webpage title

2、 The body (body)

body The content section is an important part of the whole web page , Let people browse the content of this webpage at a glance , You can insert text 、 picture 、 Multimedia and so on .

Four 、HTML Elements

l HTML Element means starting with the start tag , Elements terminated with an end tag : The element content is the content between the start tag and the end tag .

l <head></head>、<body></body>、<p></p>、<h1></h2> Wait, these are all HTML Elements , In the case above, there are six elements .

l There are also some elements with only the start tag , for example <br>, End with the end of the start tag .

5、 ... and 、HTML Properties of

l Generally speaking HTML And the property of that is HTML Attribute of element , Attribute can add additional information to the element .

l Property is always named / The form of value pairs appears , such as :name=”value”.

l Properties are generally described in the start tag .

l style There will be more attributes in .

6、 ... and 、HTML format

HTML Many elements can be defined for formatting output , Like bold and italics .

HTML Text formatting labels




Define bold text


Definition emphasis text


Define italics


Define small print


Defining accentuation


Define subscript


Definition superscript


Define caret


Define delete words

HTML The introduction and structure of

Diagram of operation results

HTML“ Computer output ” label




Define computer code


Define keyboard code


Define computer code samples


Defining variables


Define pre formatted text

HTML a citation 、 Reference and label definition




Define abbreviation


Define address


Define text direction


Define long references


Define short Quotes


Define the reference 、 Citation


Define a definition item

7、 ... and 、HTML Hyperlinks

Hyperlinks can be images 、 written words 、 Multimedia can also be a website

Example :

HTML The introduction and structure of

result :

HTML The introduction and structure of

Click on the underlined two words to enter the website of a certain degree

8、 ... and 、HTML CSS

1、CSS It's a cascading style sheet , Can be modified html Element style and can be accurately typeset

2、CSS There are three ways :

l Internal style , stay HTML Use... In elements “style” attribute

l Internal style sheets , In the head <head> Area use <style> Element to contain CSS

l External reference , Reference with suffix css The file of , Example :

HTML The introduction and structure of

html file

HTML The introduction and structure of

css file

If you see this , It means that you have opened the door to making web pages ~

本文为[Chai Xiao~]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢

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