On Vue responsive principle, publish subscribe mode and observer mode

メSerendipity 2021-08-08 18:32:25
vue responsive principle publish subscribe


One .Vue Responsive principle

First of all, we need to understand several concepts :

Data responsive : Data model is only common Javascript object , And when we modify the data , The view will be updated , Avoid the tedious DOM operation , Improve development efficiency .

Two way binding : Data change , View change , And the data changed , We can use v-model Create a two-way data binding on the form .

Data driven is Vue One of the most unique features : In the development process, we only need to focus on the data itself , Don't care how the data is rendered to the view .

vue2.X The response principle in is based on defineProperty, compatible IE8 Above version , The core principle code is as follows :

 let data={
msg:'hello',
count:10
}
let vm={}
proxyData(data)
function proxyData(data){
Object.keys(data).forEach(key=>{
Object.defineProperty(vm,key,{
enumerable:true,
configurable:true,
writeable:true,
// Execute when getting value 
 get(){
console.log('get:',key,data[key])
return data[key]
},
// Execute when setting the value 
 set(newValue){
data[key]=newValue
console.log('set:',key,newValue)
document.querySelector('#app').textContent=data[key]
}
})
})
}
vm.msg // obtain (get Method ) hello
vm.msg='hello World' // Set new attribute values and render to the page (set Method )
vm.msg //hello World 

vue3.X The response principle in is based on Proxy, Listen directly to the object , Not attributes ,ES6 Newly added ,IE I won't support it , Performance is optimized by the browser , Performance ratio defineProperty It is better to , Compared with the words of code defineProperty Be concise , There is no need to loop through the values of multiple attributes .

 let data={
msg:'hello',
count:0
}
// simulation Vue example 
let vm=new Proxy(data,{
// Functions that perform proxy behavior 
// When accessing vm Members of the group will perform 
 get(target,key){
console.log('get,key:',key,target[key])
return target[key]
},
set(target,key,newValue){
console.log('set,key:',key,newValue)
if(target[key] === newValue){
return
}
target[key]=newValue
document.querySelector("#app").textContent=target[key]
}
})
// test 
vm.msg='Hello World'
console.log(vm.msg)

Two . Publish subscribe mode and observer mode

1. Release / A subscription model
This concept is a little abstract , Here is an example to illustrate , Parents are more concerned about their children's grades , Ask your child if his grades come out every day , Suppose you can subscribe to your child's grades in your child's class , Once the test results come out , It is equivalent to triggering an event , Finally, the teacher of the class informed the parents in the form of text message ,

You don't need to ask your child if his grades come out every day , Parents are subscribers to events , The teacher is the publisher of the event , The child's class can be imagined as the center of an event .vue Custom events in are based on publishing / Subscription mode . Let's simulate the operation mechanism of publish subscribe mode :

// Event trigger 
 class EventEmitter(){
constructor(){
// Initialize object { 'click':[fn1,fn2],'change':[fn] }
this.subs=Object.create(null)
}
// Registration events 
 $on(eventType,handler){
this.subs[eventType] = this.subs[eventType] || []
this.subs[eventType].push(handler)
}
// Triggering event 
 $emit(eventType){
if(this.subs[eventType]){
this.subs[eventType].forEach(handler => {
handler()
})
}
}
}
// test 

let em =new EventEmitter()
em.$on('click',()=>{
console.log('click1')
})
em.$on('click',()=>{
console.log('click2')
})
em.$emit('click') // Print the results click1,click2

Two . Observer mode

The difference between observer mode and subscription mode is that there is no event center , Only publishers and subscribers , And publishers need to know the existence of subscribers .

Concept :

The observer --Watcher

update(): When the event occurs , Specific things to do .

Publisher --Dep

subs Array : Store all observers

addSub(): Add observers

notify(): When an event occurs , Call all the observers update() Method

// Publisher - The goal is 
 class Dep{
constructor() {
// Record all subscribers 
this.subs=[]
}
// Add subscribers 
 addsub(sub){
if(sub && sub.update){
this.subs.push(sub)
}
}
// Issue notice 
 notify(){
this.subs.forEach(sub=>{
sub.update()
})
}
}
// subscriber - The observer 
 class Watcher{
update(){
console.log('update')
}
}
// test 
let dep=new Dep()
let watcher=new Watcher()
dep.addsub(watcher)
dep.notify() // Print the results update

summary :

The observer pattern is scheduled by specific targets , For example, when an event triggers ,Dep Will call the observer's method , Therefore, there is a dependency between the subscriber and publisher of the observer .

The publish subscribe mode is called by the unified dispatching center , So publishers and subscribers don't need to know each other's presence .

版权声明
本文为[メSerendipity]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://qdmana.com/2021/08/20210808183059195g.html

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